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OBJECT OF THE MONTH


Synagogue curtain with the motif of a lion blowing the shofar



Silk, metal thread, embroidery
2340 x 1530 mm
Třešť, 1828
Provenance: acquisition of the JMP, 1942-1945; collection point Třešť
Inv. No. ŽMP 001.830

This year we will be celebrating Rosh Ha-Shanah (literally "head of the year" in Hebrew) – the Jewish New Year – on the 17th of September. In the Torah this festival is also referred to as zikhron tru'a ("the commemoration of a [shofar] blast") and Yom Tru’a ("Day of [Shofar] Blowing"). Both of the above terms refer to the custom of blowing the shofar, a religious instrument that produces a wailing sound. It is made from the horn of a kosher animal (ram, goat, antelope or gazelle); it can never be made from a cow's horn, however, as this is evocative of the worship of the Golden Calf as condemned in the Talmud. The Jewish New Year is celebrated on the first day of the month of Tishri, which usually falls in September/October on the Gregorian calendar. The shofar is also blown after morning services for the entire preceding month of Elul. On the New Year the shofar should be blown at least a hundred times, usually with various combinations of three types of sounds. The blast of the shofar also marks the end of Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement), which this year falls on the 26 th of September. According to the Torah, the shofar was first heard when the Lord spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai.

Translation of the Hebrew text: "With trumpets and sound of cornet make a joyful noise before the Lord, the King." (Psalm 98:6). "Be swift as a deer and brave as a lion to carry out the will of your Father in Heaven." (Pirkei Avot V. 23).




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