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OBJECT OF THE MONTH


Carved and engraved shofar

• 19th century
• acquired as part of the wartime shipment of 1942-1945, collection point Kolín
• part of the JMP collection (Judaica sub-collection)
• on display at the JMP's permanent exhibition in the Klausen Synagogue

The shofar is a ritual musical instrument, developed from the ancient pastoral horn. It is made from the horns of certain kinds of permitted animals. In the Diaspora, it is used for festive blowing during the High Holidays




The shofars in the Jewish Museum's collection are of the Central European type, made from a goat’s horn which is flattened using heat and partially straightened with a polished surface, usually with a simple carving at the end. The vast majority of shofars are not decorated. Unique Shofars that are carved or have engraved features are among the adornments of international Judaica collections. One such item is the one on display, which is adorned with engraved flowers, ornaments and a double-sided Hebrew inscription on the biblical command to blow the shofar.

The actual use of the instrument and the way of blowing it is subject to well-established ritual customs. It is sounded during the High Holidays, which include Rosh Ha-Shanah (the Jewish New Year, which is celebrated on the 1st and second of the Tishri) and Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement). Both of these festivals are in the first half of September this year.


This shofar can be seen at the Jewish Museum's permanent exhibition on the ground floor of the Klausen Synagogue, which focuses on the Jewish year cycle and rituals.


Sound the ram’s horn at the New Moon, and when the moon is full, on the day of our festival;
this is a decree for Israel,?an ordinance of the God of Jacob (Psalm 81: 4-5)



JMP 74.250/01
Carved and engraved goat’s horn
length 450 mm





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