Holocaust Remembrance Day
On 27 January 2005, the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz death camp was commemorated in the Czech Republic and the Jewish Museum in Prague for the first time as a day of remembrance for the victims of the Holocaust and for the prevention of crimes against humanity. In 2003, the Parliament of the Czech Republic declared this occasion a national special day. On this anniversary, the Prague Jewish Community and the Jewish Museum in Prague, together with Holocaust survivors, also commemorated people in the Czech Republic holding the title “Righteous Among the Nations”.
A bronze plaque commemorating those who saved Jews from the Holocaust was unveiled in front of the Pinkas Synagogue Memorial to the Victims of the Shoah. The plaque, made by sculptor Jaroslav Róna, depicts two trees with intertwined branches, under which are engraved the names of 40 saviours and 120 people named as Righteous Among the Nations by the State of Israel. These are people of non-Jewish origin who saved the lives of Jews during World War II.
The Israeli Ambassador to Prague Arthur Avnon, the chairwoman of the Hidden Child association in the Czech Republic and representatives of the Righteous Among the Nations also spoke at a gathering of Holocaust survivors and their children.